Psychological therapy with individuals may vary depending on the type of problems, needs, and style of the person seeking help. Some therapy approaches are more effective for particular problems, and sometimes a combination of different techniques can be helpful in assisting an individual to achieve their goals.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)
CBT involves identifying styles of thinking that contribute to emotional difficulties and unhelpful behaviour patterns and provides the opportunity to work towards more helpful approaches and outcomes. CBT has been researched extensively over several decades and has been demonstrated to be effective for a range of psychological difficulties. Like any new skill, practice is an important part of its success.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
ACT is derived from Relational Frame Theory (RFT), a behavioural approach to language and cognition. It draws strongly from mindfulness traditions, and aims to provide clients with a framework for living a vital life based in living through a commitment to values and through a focus on acceptance of experiences.
Mindfulness has its origins in Eastern philosophies. It is a way of observing thoughts, images and feelings in an accepting way that neither judges, challenges, nor avoids them but simply allows them to be and to pass by. By assisting you to engage in the present moment, it can provide another useful way of managing difficult thoughts, images and feelings.
Positive psychology methods focus on well-being in promoting a life which features positive emotions, interpersonal relationships, being connected in life and finding meaning/purpose and a sense of achievement. Concepts such as recognizing personal strengths and gratitude are key elements in positive psychological strategies